Oakland is one of the most vibrant and diverse cities in the country. Renowned for its artistic and cultural richness, thriving dining scene, and leadership in environmental sustainability, it’s a highly desirable place to live, attracting people from all over the world.
Located just 20 minutes from San Francisco, in the geographical center of the Bay Area, Oakland enjoys a warmer climate than its West Bay neighbor. Its landscape includes vast parkland with towering redwood trees, babbling creeks and miles of hiking trails, as well as Lake Merritt, a large tidal lagoon that connects to a beautiful waterfront.
In such a large and ethnically diverse city, where 400,000-plus residents speak more than 120 languages, there is no shortage of cultural amenities to draw your attention. The city’s world-class attractions include an internationally acclaimed museum, ballet, symphony and zoo; two grand, Art Deco-style performance venues; and three major-league sports teams: the Raiders, the A’s and the Golden State Warriors. Every first Friday of the month, throngs of people flock to the city’s hugely popular art walk, Art Murmur, and accompanying street party, First Friday. Oakland is also home to a large LGBT community and, in recent years, has attracted an influx of tech companies, helping usher in a wave of new restaurants, bars and boutiques.
The Claremont district
A neighborhood straddling the city limits of Oakland and Berkeley in the East Bay section of the San Francisco Bay Area in California.
Nestled amongst the pine trees in the upper Oakland hills, the friendly Claremont Hills neighborhood maintains a refreshing and laid back mountain atmosphere reminiscent of Mill Valley in Marin County. Winding streets dotted with trees and gardens bursting with flowers lead to large homes hidden among mini-forests that look out over the distant bay. Adding to its rural appeal, the Claremont Hills neighborhood is tidy, very residential, and decidedly a bedroom community, yet exciting enough for the active crowd. Close to many East Bay parks, it offers endless biking and hiking opportunities to enjoy the beautiful mountain scenery.
The name "Claremont" was adopted December 20, 1879 at a meeting convened by a real estate developer and local resident, Grant Taggert. Within a year or so of this, the City of Oakland changed the name of the main thoroughfare from Telegraph Road to Claremont Avenue. The Telegraph Road had been named for the first telegraph line into Oakland, strung by the Alta Telegraph Company in 1859. The line ran from Martinez across the hills and down what was then named "Harwood's Canyon" after an early claimant to grazing lands in the canyon above the Claremont neighborhood, retired sea captain and Oakland wharfinger William Harwood. With the advent of the telegraph line, it became "Telegraph Canyon", a name that persists for a side canyon near the summit of the hills. The creek which runs through the Claremont neighborhood was first known as the north fork of Temescal Creek. It later became Harwood Creek, and eventually, Claremont Creek.
During the 19th century, a stage coach line ran up the canyon and over the summit into Contra Costa County. This became an early auto route over the Berkeley Hills even after the first tunnel (the Kennedy Tunnel) opened up in 1903 to the south of Claremont Canyon, above where the Caldecott Tunnel is today.
In 1905, Duncan McDuffie opened up the Claremont Park development, an upscale tract.
In the early 1900s real estate interests associated with the Key System built the Claremont Hotel at the mouth of Claremont Canyon. The Key System ran one of its commuter train lines directly to the hotel up Claremont Avenue until service ended in 1958. This train became the transbay "E" train upon completion of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge.